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1 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-7

Variability of Maize Productivity on Kambisols in Mamuju Regency West Sulawesi, Indonesia
Marthen P. Sirappa1+), Muhtar1+), Religius Heryanto2+), Ketut Indrayana1+), Nurdiah Husnah2++), Iven Patu Sirappa3++)

1) Researcher of West Sulawesi Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology
2) Extention of West Sulawesi Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology
Complex of West Sulawesi Province Government Office
H. Abdul Malik Pattana Endeng Street, Mamuju 91512, West Sulawesi, Indonesia
3) Lecturer of Science and technology Faculty of the UNKRISWINA Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara
R. Soeprapto Street, No. 35 Prailiu, Waingapu Sumba Timur, Indonesia

+ Main Contributor- ++ Member Contributor


Abstract

The research was done in Guliling Village, Kalukku Distrct, Mamuju Regency on area 3 ha in 2020. This research was conducted through desk study and field research. The soil type at the study site belongs to the association of Kambisols. The innovation of technology integrated crop management, including the use of superior seed quality, namely Nasa 29, JH 37 and JH 45, planting system with a double row with a spacing of (100 - 40 cm) x 20 cm (1 plant/hole), balanced use of fertilizer with rate 250 kg Urea and 300 kg NPK Phonska/ha. Based on land suitability map of ICALRD, land suitability for maize classified to marginal suitability (S3) by a limiting factor are nutrient retention (nr), nutrient availability (na), water availability (wa), and rooting media (rc). The land area of marginal suitability (S3) for maize of 46,778 ha, consisting of S3-nr/na/wa of 5,582 ha, S3-rc/wa of 3,463 ha, and S3-wa of 37,733 ha. Result of filed reseach show that the average of maize productivity with application of technological innovation, such us superior seed quality, plant spacing with double row planting system, and balanced fertilization can reach 9.43 t/ha, higher than the average yield of maize in West Sulawesi and Mamuju Regency. To increase of maize productivity in West Sulawesi, it is recommended to overcame of limiting factor and application technology integrated crop management of maize, especially the use of superior seed quality, plant spacing with double row planting system, and balanced use of fertilizer.

Keywords: land suitability, integrated crop management, limiting factor, Kambisols, maize variability.

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Marthen P. Sirappa)


2 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-9

Pest Monitoring Technology For Predicting Pest Attack Intensity Hypothenemus Hampei Ferr. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) of Arabica Coffee Plant In Enrekang, South of Sulawesi
S Sulaeha, N Agus, Hardy, S Sjam, and M Melina

Pest and Plant Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.


Abstract

Coffee Berry Borer (Hypothenemus hampei Ferr.) is one of the most serious pests, causing up to 80% yield losses in coffee. Because the Arabica coffee variety is wider than the Arabica coffee variant, the Coffee Berry Borer pest attacks arabica coffee more than robust type in Indonesia. As a result, H. hampei had spread across Indonesia and is now an endemic pest. Population monitoring techniques to reduce pest invasion spread and attack are among the pest management approaches. This study was undertaken to forecast attacks during the harvest season through monitoring the population of H. hampei in Enrekang district, that had not been done earlier. The study conducted in Enrekang district using the weekly observation technique and identifying the sample plants that used a line transect. Plant samples were collected using line transects each 4 meters, with such a total of 30 tree samples observed.

The study indicate that pest monitoring technology could determine attack levels in post-peak cropping conditions (high season), with the highest attack intensity of 6.14 percent at the beginning of the observe and also the lowest at 0.54 percent at the end. CBB pests attack based on fruit color, with unripe green fruit getting its most attention compared to red, with a total of 209 green fruits attacked out of a total of 264 fruits. H. Hampei will begin its first attack on young fruit whose endosperm has hardened, and dark green fruit (Fruit Development) aged 1 month which is the most sensitive. The soft tissue of the dark green fruits supports the movement of CBB larvae. Direct monitoring on infection rates will improve in decision making for control measures to reduce population and spread. Crop attack rate will be decreased with monitoring techniques and management systems.

Key words : Coffee Berry Borer, Fruit Development, line transect, pest distribution

Keywords: Coffee Berry Borer, Fruit Development, line transect, pest distribution

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sulaeha Sulaeha)


3 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-29

Haematology and Blood Fat Profile of Muscovy Duck Fed with Different Protein Levels Sourced from Golden Snails (Pomacea canaliculata)
I Putu Agus Kertawirawan, Ni Luh Gede Budiari, and I Nyoman Adijaya

Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (AIAT) Bali


Abstract

This research was conducted to see that effect of using golden snail as alternatif fed for Muscovy ductk on different ration level to hematologi profil and blood fat. 64 Muscovy ducks of 8 weeks of age were use in this study use a randomized block design with four treatments and four replications, whereas each replicate consisted of four male Muscovy ducks. The composition of the ration used consisted of corn, rice bran, pollard, coconut meal and golden snail meal. There were four treatments included P0 (control feed), P1 (control feed + 10% golden snail meal), P2 (control feed+20% golden snail meal), P3 (control feed + 30% golden snail meal). The parameters observed were hematological profile including hemoglobin content, erythrocyte count, leukocyte count, and blood hematocrit content and than blood metabolites including cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL and LDL. The study used a completely randomized design with four treatments and three replicates. The data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA). Based on the results obtained there was no significant difference in erythrocyte levels each treatment, but the hemoglobin level in muscovy duck given 30% golden snail showed significant differences in all treatments. Results of blood metabolites, showed no significant difference in triglyceride levels in all treatments, but the cholesterol content in the ration given 30% golden snail meal (P3) was lower and significantly different with other treatments. In general, giving 30% golden snail meal in the ration shows better results based on the hematological profile

Keywords: Muscovy duck, Golden snails meal, feed, hematology profile

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (I Putu Agus Kertawirawan)


4 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-40

Inventory Control Analysis Of Sugarcane Raw Materials With Economic Production Quantity Method And Additional Raw Materials With Models of Continuous Review System And Periodic Review System
A B R Indah (a*), S Asmal (a), E A M Abidin (a)

a) Departement of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hasanuddin University
Jalan Poros Malino Km. 6, Bontomarannu. Gowa, Sulawesi Selatan. 92171, Indonesia
*a.besseriyani[at]gmail.com


Abstract

PT Perkebunan Nusantara XIV Takalar Sugar Factory (PGT) is a sugar company located in Takalar City, South Sulawesi. The main raw material in the manufacture of sugar is sugar cane. Apart from the main raw materials, there are supporting raw materials in the form of quicklime, sulfur, phosphoric acid and flocculants. Takalar Sugar Factory has a less than optimal supply of raw materials for sugar cane and the addition of quite a lot of raw materials every month. This study aims to determine the best method of inventory of sugarcane raw materials and a probabilistic inventory model of supporting raw materials which are good for determining the minimum total cost of inventory.
This research was conducted using the Economic Production Quantity method for sugar cane raw materials and the Continuous Review System and Periodic Review System models for supporting raw materials. In the Economic Production Quantity method to complete the supply of raw materials that are mass produced and used alone as a sub-component of a product, the Continuous Review System model completes inventory control with a fixed order quantity but different order period intervals. Meanwhile, the Periodic Review System model accomplishes inventory control with different order quantities but fixed order period intervals.
Based on the results of research conducted by the Economic Production Quantity method, the total cost of supplies is Rp. 124.729.898.959/month for sugarcane raw materials. The Periodic Review System Model gives a total inventory cost of Rp. 101.328.065/year of additional raw materials. The total cost of inventory for all raw materials is Rp. 124.744.374.397.

Keywords: Inventory, Economic Production Quantity, Continuous Review System, Periodic Review System

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (A. Besse Riyani Indah)


5 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-43

Drywood Termites Preferences of Seven Species of Community Wood on Various Moisture Content Values
Arinana (a), Riska Afrilia (a), Istie Sekartining Rahayu (a), Aulina Ruth Emmisari Silalahi (a*), Sulaeha (b), Dodi Nandika (a)

(a) Forest Product Department, Faculty of Forestry and Environmental, IPB University, Bogor, 16880, West Java, Indonesia
*aulinasilalahi.orc[at]gmail.com
(b) Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, South of Sulawesi, Indonesia


Abstract

Wood from community forests generally classified into durable class IV-V. One of the woods destroying organism is drywood termites. Environmental conditions such as moisture content (MC) affect the preferences of the drywood termites, but the ideal MC is not yet known which is suitable for the life of the drywood termites. This study aims to determine the preferences and mortality of drywood termite on various MC values for seven species of community wood, namely manii wood, acacia wood, jabon wood, rubberwood, mahogany wood, pine wood, and sengon wood at various moisture content values, namely green MC (> 70%), 40-45% MC, air dry MC (11-14%), and kiln dry MC (0%) and knowing the mortality of drywood termite. The method of testing based on SNI 01-7207 (2014). The results showed that jabon wood was preferred by drywood termites compared to other wood species in various MC tested. In addition, drywood termite tends to prefer wood on air dry MC and kiln dry MC. Meanwhile, the mortality of drywood termites in green MC, 40-45% MC, air dry MC, and kiln dry MC sequence is 78-100%, 30-100%, 24-100%, and 16-100%.

Keywords: air dry MC, Cryptotermes cynocephalus, durability class, green MC, kiln dry MC, termite^s mortality

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Aulina Ruth Emmisari Silalahi)


6 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-50

GREEN SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT BASED ON GREEN SCOR TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE PABRIK MINYAK KAYU PUTIH SUKUN PONOROGO
Riska Septifani* and Ardaneswari Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi

DEPARTMENT OF AGROINDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY
UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA


Abstract

Pabrik Minyak Kayu Putih (PMKP) Sukun Ponorogo is an industry that has supply chain activities in producing eucalyptus oil. Pabrik Minyak Kayu Putih (PMKP) Sukun Ponorogo has never measured supply chain performance related to environmental condition. This industry requires an environmentally friendly measurement of supply chain performance. This research was conducted to measure the performance of an environmentally friendly supply chain. The green supply chain management approach is applied in this measurement. Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) is applied to green procurement, green manufacture, green distribution and reverse logistics activities. There are 40 Key Performance Indicators (KPI) which are weighted by ANP. The scoring system is then calculated using the Objective Matrix (OMAX). The weighting is carried out on green procurement, green manufacturer, green distribution, and reverse logistics. The weighting of the perspectives carried out shows that the four perspectives have the same weight. The objective weighting treatment shows that the four perspectives have different or varied weights. At the scoring system, the perspective performance has different result categories. From the results obtained in the scoring system, it shows that there are KPI that require attention in order to improve the performance of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). These results indicate that the achievement value is far below the company^s target. From the measurements made, recommendations for improvement on the performance of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) are given. The recommendation Pabrik Minyak Kayu Putih (PMKP) Sukun Ponorogo needs to implement planning in purchasing eucalyptus oil raw materials. To ensure the quality of raw materials, training is needed for suppliers to minimize damaged raw materials. Coordination from suppliers to distributors to minimize losses and make forecasts on a regular basis.

Keywords: Supply Chain Performance, GSCM, ANP, Scoring System, OMAX

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Riska Septifani)


7 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-52

POTENTIAL FOR DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL RICE GENETIC RESOURCES INTO EXCELLENT VARIETIES IN MERANGIN REGENCY, JAMBI PROVINCE
Julistia Bobihoe, Desi Hernita, Eva Salvia dan Jon Hendri

Assessment Institute of Agricultural Technology (AIAT) Jambi


Abstract

Local rice is one of the genetic resources that is quite diverse in type and is found in the lowlands, middle and highlands, both in dry land, lowland swamps and tidal swamps, so that local varieties are resistant/tolerant to biotic and abiotic stresses that various agroecosystems. The purpose of this activity is to characterize the genetic resources of rice from Merangin, Jambi Province. The method used is a survey by taking data directly to the field and interviewing farmers and field officers. The data collected included agronomic and morphological characters according to the Guidelines for the System Characterization and Evaluation of Rice Crops and General Guidelines for Compiling Descriptions of Food Crop Varieties (PPVT). Characterization was carried out on local rice which is dominantly consumed and developed in the lowlands and highlands and has production potential (4-5 tons/ha) in Merangin Regency. In the lowlands, the dominant local rice developed is Seni Bungin, Sungkai, Kuning Kasang, Tunggung and Teluk Bujuk. In the highlands, the dominant local rice developed is Sengat, Lai, Kuning, Ketan Hitam. This local variety of rice has good rice quality and tastes good according to the tastes of local consumers.

Keywords: Genetic resources, local rice, production, superior varieties

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Julistia Bobihoe)


8 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-57

Decision Support System Coffee Pruning Brigade Based On Android Using Analytical Hierarchy Process Method
Amna(a*), Yeni Rasmayanti(a), Anna Permatasari Kamarudin(b), Husna Gemasih(a)

(a)Engineering Faculty, Universitas Gajah Putih
Simpang Kelaping, Pegasing, Kabupaten Aceh Tengah, Aceh 24552, Indonesia
*amnaa98[at]hotmail.com
(b)Agriculture Faculty, Universitas Gajah Putih
Simpang Kelaping, Pegasing, Kabupaten Aceh Tengah, Aceh 24552, Indonesia


Abstract

Pruning is defined as an action of technical culture in the form of removing unwanted plant parts such as old branches, dry branches and other branches. Decision Support Systems are designed to support all stages of decision making starting from identifying problems, selecting relevant data, determining the approach used in the decision-making processes, to evaluate the selection of alternatives. Android is an operating system developed for Linux-based mobile devices. The Analytical Hierarchy process (AHP) is suitable to use in decision making that involves comparisons of decision elements that are difficult to assess quantitatively. The system resulted from this research is a decision support system application for the coffee trimming brigade using the analytical hierarchy process method based on android, in the form of pruning data that must be done based on criteria and weighting.

Keywords: Decision Support System- AHP- Coffee Pruning- Android

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Amna Amna)


9 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-59

System Dynamics for Food Security Analysis of Minahasa Regency in North Sulawesi Province
Robert Molenaar, Erny Nurali, Hildy Wullur

Sam Ratulangi University


Abstract

The definition of food security according to Law no. 18/2012 concerning Food, are: ^The condition of the fulfillment of Food for the state to individuals, which is reflected in the availability of sufficient food, both in quantity and quality, safe, diverse, nutritious, equitable and affordable and does not conflict with religion, belief and community culture, to be able to live a healthy, active and productive life in a sustainable manner^. Food security is thus a system with subsystems of availability, distribution, and consumption.

System dynamics is a modeling method whose use is closely related to the dynamic tendencies of complex systems, namely the behavior patterns generated by the system over time. The main assumption in the system dynamics paradigm is that the dynamic tendencies that are continuous in any complex system originate from the causal structures that make up the system.

In this study, the dynamic system modeling method is used to identify the behavior of the regional food security system in Minahasa Regency with the aim of analyzing the dynamics of the causal relationship of the variables that affect the food security system in terms of production, consumption, and rice stock in Minahasa Regency by using an approach systems and application of dynamic systems modeling techniques. In this study, a Causal Loop Diagram (CLD) was made of the rice availability system based on the relationship between the production sub-system, consumption sub-system and the government^s rice reserve sub-system involving the relationship of a number of variables to produce a model output in the form of projections of rice availability in Minahasa Regency for the period 2021-2030

Keywords: modeling, simulation, System dynamics

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Robert Molenaar)


10 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-63

Genetic diversity of mutant tomato (Solanum licopersicum L.) in Bogor and Kolaka, Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia
Putri Nur Arrufitasari, Surjono Hadi Sutjahjo, Desta Wirnas, and Siti Marwiyah

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University (Bogor Agriculture University), Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Dramaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia.


Abstract

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) is one of the most important vegetables in the world because of high economic value for small and medium scale farmers. Indonesia ranked 21st which contributed less than 4% of the total tomato production in the world. The development of high yield tomato was more directed to the highlands. Expansion of cultivated land to the lowlands can be an alternative to increase tomato production. The objective of this study was to obtain adaptive lines of tomatoes resulting from gamma ray irradiation that had high yield and resistance to fruit cracking tested in two different environments. This research was conducted at Leuwikopo Experimental Farm of Dramaga Bogor and in Experimental Farm of Sembilanbelas November University. The genetic material used was 10 putative mutant lines of M7 and 5 comparators were Servo, Permata, Tora, Mawar, and Warda. The lines tested in Bogor had the average fruit weight, fruit length, fruit diameter, total fruit weight, number of fruits, thickness of fruit flesh higher than the M7 lines tested in Kolaka. The M7 lines tested in Kolaka had the average fruit cracking weight character and the number of fruit cracking lower than the M7 lines tested in Bogor.

Keywords: Fruit cracking, irradiation, mutant, lowland

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Putri Nur Arrufitasari)


11 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-68

DETERMINATION OF THE OPTIMUM DOSAGE OF N FERTILIZATION IN ACHIEVE OPTIMIZATION OF PERCENTAGE OF HYBRID RICE GRAIN CONTENTS
Risqa Naila Khusna Syarifah (a), Purwanto (a), Zulfa Ulinnuha (b)

(a) Laboratory of Agronomy and Holticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
risqanaila[at]unsoed.ac.id
(b) Laboratory of Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman


Abstract

Hybrid rice has begun to be developed by researchers to support the increase in national rice production because of its nature which can produce higher production than inbred rice. However, in Indonesia, the increase in hybrid rice yields has not met expectations, one of which is due to the lack of careful application of cultivation techniques, including fertilization techniques. This research was conducted to determine the optimum dose of nitrogen fertilization in hybrid rice, which can support the acquisition of the highest percentage of grain content. This research was used a Completely Randomized Block Design with two factors and three repetitions. The first factor was the dose of N fertilizer (0 kg N/ha, 100 kg N/ha and 200 kg N/ha), the second factor was hybrid rice varieties (Mapan-P05, Intani 602 and SL8SHS-Sterling). The variables observed included growth characteristics and yield components of hybrid rice (percentage of grain content). The research data were analyzed by analysis of variance and polynomial regression. he results showed that the optimum dose of N fertilization for Mapan-P05, Intani 602 and SL8SHS-Sterling varieties were 98.79 kg N/ha (R2=0.805), 103.34 kg N/ha (R2=0.919) and 122.49 kg N/ha (R2=0.918).

Keywords: N fertilizer- Hybrid rice- Percentage of grain content

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Risqa Naila Khusna Syarifah)


12 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-70

IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN PRODUCTIVITY AS AN EFFORT TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF MILK AGROINDUSTRY IN MALANG RAYA
Andan Linggar Rucitra, Ardaneswari Dyah Pitaloka Citraresmi

Agroindustrial Technology Faculty of Agricultural Technology Universitas Brawijaya


Abstract

Waste generated by various human activities causes various environmental problems. One of the human activities that cause environmental problems is agroindustry activities. Dairy agroindustry is one type of agroindustry with relatively large waste production. UMKM X is a dairy agroindustry in Malang City with the main product in the form of milk soap which is capable of producing 500-1000 bars of soap per day. The production process carried out in UMKM X produces by-products, one of which is liquid waste. Liquid waste generated from the milk soap production process is an average of 160 liters per day. The resulting liquid waste can cause pollution to the environment. This research is to analyze the application of green productivity which is used to increase the productivity and environmental performance of the dairy agroindustry. The method used in this research is green productivity using three stages of analysis. The analysis stage begins with the identification of waste by measuring the mass balance and green value stream mapping (GVSM). The second stage is identifying the problem, and in the third stage is preparation of alternative solutions based on the 3R principle (Recycle, Reduce, Reuse). Determination of alternative solutions using the pairwise comparison method using two respondents, namely the owner of UMKM X and the head of the production section of UMKM X. The results of research conducted on UMKM X show that the highest productivity level is in the mixing process, which is 99.1% and the lowest is in the process of cleaning tools and environment that is equal to 51.2%. In the analysis of the causes of the problem with the ishikawa diagram, it was found that the amount of waste in the process of cleaning tools and environment caused low process productivity. The results of the environmental performance indicator (EI) were obtained at 0.78 and the economic indicators were obtained at 1.13 which then obtained the GPI value of 1.45. The chosen alternative

Keywords: Milk- Agroindustry- Green productivity- Environmental Performance

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Andan Linggar Rucitra)


13 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-83

Development of time-controlled sprinkler irrigation systems for olericulture
Jamaluddin, Husain Syam, Muhammad Rizal, Reski Febyanti Rauf, and Andi Alamsyah Rivai

Department of Agricultural Technology Education, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Makassar, Indonesia


Abstract

One of the irrigation systems that can be used for horticulture is the sprinkler irrigation system. This irrigation system can optimize farming activities if it is equipped with a control system, but the development of this system is still lacking, especially for olericulture. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to develop a sprinkler irrigation system using a microcontroller that functions as an automatic controller in determining the interval and volume of watering based on time. To develop the system, the research and development (R&D) method was used, where the development of the sprinkler irrigation control system starts from the control system designing, prototype making, functional testing, field testing, and data analysis. This study resulted in an automatic sprinkler irrigation system with 4 sprinklers, a height of 1.5 meters, and water pressure on each sprinkler was about 11 Psi. Based on the test results, the average diameter of the spray was 7 meters, and the average volume of spray every one minute was 6700 ml. The control system response test for spraying time only produces an error value of 0.9%. Based on the results obtained, the developed sprinkler irrigation system can function properly based on the spraying time interval and can spray the desired volume of water.

Keywords: time interval- volume- irrigation- sprinkler- control system

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Jamaluddin Jamaluddin)


14 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-85

Botanical Pesticides, A Potential Etnobotany Karo District to Support Food safety of Horticultural Products
Lamria Sidauruk(a*), Ernitha Panjaitan(a) and Patricius Sipayung (b)

a) Department of Agrotechnology, Methodist University of Indonesia, Jl. Harmonika Baru Pasar 2 Tanjung Sari, Medan 20132, Indonesia
* lamriasidauruk[at]yahoo.com
b) Department of Agrotechnology, Chatolic University of Santo Thomas, Jl. Setiabudi, Medan 20132, Indonesia


Abstract

The use of plants as materials to control pests has long been known by traditional communities before the introduction of synthetic pesticides. This is called ethnobotany, which is the study of the traditional use of plants by the smallest tribes, which has attracted the attention of many experts because of its existence and potential. The use of botanical pesticides has received important attention along with the negative impacts of using synthetic pesticides on health and the environment. In addition, Indonesia has a high wealth of biodiversity, including plant materials for botanical pesticides. In the world of plants, flora in the territory of Indonesia is estimated to have about 25% of the species of flowering plants in the world which ranks as the seventh largest country with the number of species reaching 20,000 species. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of several native plants of Karo Regency which have the potential as botanical pesticides to control pests in horticultural crops. Botanical pesticides are made by extraction method and indicator plants for observing pest attack are potato and cabbage.
The results showed that noni leaf extract (Morinda citrifolia L), soursop leaf extract (Annona squamosa L), tobacco leaf extract (Nicotina tabbacium) and citronella leaf extract (Citrullus collocynthus ) significantly reduced the population of aphids, thrips and other leaf-eating larvae (Crocidolomia binotalis, Plutella xylostella) and reduced the percentage of pest attacks on potato and cabbage plants and increasing insect diversity index.

Keywords: Botanical pesticide- Food safety- Pest control

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Lamria Sidauruk)


15 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-90

Shoot Induction of Japansche Citroen (JC) (Citrus limonia Osbeck.) as Rootstock for In Vitro Micrografting
Mustika Tuwo (a,b), Tutik Kuswinanti (c*), Andi Nasruddin (c), Elis Tambaru (b)

a) Program of Agriculture, Graduate School, Universitas Hasanuddin, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
b) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Hasanuddin, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
c) Department of Plant Pest and Disease, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Jl. Perintis Kemerdekaan Km. 10, Tamalanrea, Makassar 90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia


Abstract

The production of pathogen-free plants can be obtained through the application of in vitro micrografting which is very important in providing certified plants to farmers so as to increase citrus productivity. The type of citrus that is commonly used as rootstock is Japansche Citroen (JC) (Citrus limonia Osbeck.) because of its compatibility with scion and good root system. The explants used in this study were seeds extracted from fresh fruit and then inoculated on MS media with the addition of the hormone 6-Benzyl-aminopurine (BAP) at a concentration of 0.5 ppm- 1 ppm- 1.5 ppm- and 2 ppm. The observation parameters used were shoot growth time and the number of shoots that appeared after treatment. The results showed that the shoots appeared the fastest and the most in the BAP treatment with a concentration of 1.5 ppm.

Keywords: Japansche citroen, BAP, seed, tissue culture

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mustika Tuwo)


16 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-91

Story of Tegosept in Insects Artificial Diet: Challenge the Future Research
Sri Nur Aminah

Department of Pests and Plant Diseases,
Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University
Makassar INDONESIA

Fulbright Visiting Scholar
Department of Integrative Biology
University of Colorado Denver, USA


Abstract

Artificial diet technology as the very important factor in mass rearing insects in the laboratory. The common problem used insect artificial diet that presence of microbial when applied in insect target. The controlling microbial growth such as fungi in the artificial diet as important key component preparing valuable food for insect development. Impact of humidity and temperature to artificial diet on feeding time giving many opportunities fungi development on the media. Since few years ago, the stalk-eye flies Teleopsis dalmanni (Diptera: Diopsidae) have been mass rearing in the artificial diet based maize grain. The one famous component against microbial growth on insect artificial diet used Tegosept. As antimicrobial growth, Tegosept have been applied in the food of T. dalmanni to control fungi growth. The purpose of research is to study role of Tegosept as anti fungi in artificial diet of T. dalmanni. The research was conducted in June through July 2021 at CU Denver Integrative Biology Research Lab, Department of Integrative Biology, University of Colorado Denver, USA. The artificial diet for T. dalmanni based from maize seeds for feeding adult. The observation focused kind of fungi growth in the artificial diet and effective storage periods as food source of T. dalmanni. The observation was showed dominant fungi colonies collected from artificial diet identified as Rhizopus sp. Commonly Rhizopus sp. started growth at two days after adult feeding on the artificial diet. The presence of Mucor sp. full grown at 7 days in the observation, humidity 60 percent and temperature 26 Celcius degree. The another fungi identified as Mucor sp. started growth almost similar condition with Rhizopus sp. The observation showed Tegosept cannot inhibit fungi growth in artificial diet since second days. Conclusion of laboratory observation showed: Rhizopus sp. and Mucor sp. still living in the artificial diet contain Tegosept.

Keywords: Artificial diet, Teleopsis dalmanni, Tegosept, Rhizopus sp., Mucor sp.

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sri Nur Aminah)


17 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-92

UTILIZATION OF COCOA FRUIT PEELS WASTE (Theobroma cacao L.) AS A MEANS OF INVASIVE PEST CONTROL Spodoptera frugiperda
Muhammad Fadel Haddad Kuddus, Sukmawati, Husnul Inayah, Sulaeha

Hasanuddin University


Abstract

Spodoptera frugiperda is a new type of pest that was first discovered in several countries in the Americas and has spread to several other countries in the African region detriment agricultural production which is caused by pests S.frugiperda in the year 2018 ranged between 4 million tons - 18 million tons every year. This loss is equal to Rp. 64,561,000,000 per year. In addition to plant pests, agricultural waste is also a major problem in the agricultural sector. One of the agricultural wastes is cocoa peels. Cocoa pod peels waste can reach 74% or equivalent to 2,4 million tons/ year. Cocoa peels contain secondary metabolites derived alkaloid purine namely santin and theobromine (metilsantin), flavonoids, pectin, tannins, saponins, and triterpenoids which serves as a repellent (reppelent), an inhibitor of eating (antifeeding), and is poisonous (toxic) for insects. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of effectiveness of using cocoa pod waste extract in controlling S. frugiperda pests. This research method used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with control treatment, cocoa peels extract 1%, 0.75%, 0.5%, 0.25%, and 0.15%. The results showed that the cocoa pod peels extract had a significant effect on the mortality of S. frugiperda larvae. The concentration most effectively shutting S.frugiperda is a concentration of 1% with an average percentage of the highest mortality is 87.8%. The results of the probit analysis to determine the LC50 value also showed an effective concentration level to kill insects as much as 50%, namely 1%.

Keywords: cocoa peels, secondary metabolites, Spodoptera frugiperda, waste

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Muhammad Fadel Haddad Kuddus)


18 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-94

In vitro seed germination of Indonesian native orchid Vanda hybrid
M Tuwo (a*) and A Indrianto (b)RIP

(a) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, 90245
(b) Faculty of Biology, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta


Abstract

Vanda orchids are the most popular native Indonesian orchids and have high economic value. Explants used in this study were seeds from the fruit of crossing results of Vanda limbata Blume orchid which can be found in East Nusa Tenggara with Vanda tricolor Lindl. var. suavis on the slopes of Mount Merapi. Assembling the superior characteristics of various Indonesian local orchids is expected to produce superior, unique and distinctive orchid hybrids. Efforts to improve the quality of orchids can be done by genetic improvement through crossbreeding, whereas to increase the quantity can be done by propagation through in vitro culture. Explants used are seeds of Vanda hybrid fruit that are 6 months old sown on VW medium added with coconut water 150 ml/l. Morphological observations of Vanda hybrid seeds were carried out every week for 4 months. The results showed that growth phases of orchids are classified into five phases. First phase, embryos are 2 WAS old (seed coat or testa are rupture and their size increases)- second phase is 4 WAS old (greenish yellow)- third phase is 7 WAS old (green and the first protrusion appears in the apical section)- fourth phase is 9 WAS old (the first leaf forms and second protrusion appears)- fifth phase is 14 WAS old (has two leaves) and seventh phase is 16 WAS old (has two leaves and roots).

Keywords: Crossing- Mount Merapi- Vanda limbata Blume- Vanda tricolor Lindl. var. suavis

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mustika Tuwo)


19 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-108

Deep Learning Based Serine Protease Enzyme Dose Detector to Degrade Swiftlet Feathers in The Edible Bird Nest
Verianti Liana (a*), Riris Waladatun Nafiah (a), Rizal Arifiandika (b), Bagas Rohmatulloh (b), Yusuf Hendrawan (b), Tunjung Mahatmanto (c), Dimas Firmanda Al Riza (b)

a) Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl.Veteran, Malang, ZIP 65145, Indonesia
*veriantiliana[at]student.ub.ac.id
b) Department of Agricultural Engineering, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl.Veteran, Malang, ZIP 65145, Indonesia
c) Department of Agricultural Product Technology, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl.Veteran, Malang, ZIP 65145, Indonesia


Abstract

Edible Bird Nest (EBN) is a product of solidified swiflet saliva (Aerodramus fuciphagus) which renowed as Caviar of the East due to its expensive price. The main factors that determine the quality and price of EBN are color and cleanliness of EBN from the attached swiftlet feathers. The removal of swiftlet feathers in EBN is usually done manually which is destructive to the structure of EBN, reduce the quality and price of EBN, inefficient in terms of time and cost, and ineffective due to human error. The use of serine protease enzyme can degrade swiftlet feathers in EBN non-destructively, environmentally friendly, safe for food, efficient in cost and time, and increase the production of clean EBN. The serine protease enzyme needs to be applied accurately with different doses according to the weight of swiftlet feathers in order to degrade all swiftlet feathers in EBN effectively and efficient in enzyme costs to optimize the profit of clean EBN production. The purpose of this study was to detect the dose of serine protease enzyme in degrading all feathers in EBN according to the uncleaned EBN images using Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). CNN as the main deep learning architecture was used in this study because of its ability to learn image characteristics automatically with high accuracy in the image recognition process. The training accuracy with GoogleNet as the pretrained network of CNN in this study reached 95.35%.

Keywords: Edible bird nest- Swiftlet feathers- Detection- Serine protease enzyme- Deep learning

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Verianti Liana)


20 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-117

Land Consolidation Challenges to Improve Farm Management Through the Establishment of Rice Farming Estate Community
Latief Mahir Rachman (a*), Amiruddin Saleh (b), Johan David Wetik (b), Palahudin (b), Ardiana (b)

a) Department of Soil Science and Land Resource, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University
Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
*latiefra[at]apps.ipb.ac.id
b) Center of Human Resource Development-Research Institutions and Community Service (P2SDM-LPPM), IPB University
Kampus IPB Baranangsiang, Bogor 16153, Indonesia


Abstract

In order to improve agricultural productivity and also empowering farmer^s income and profitability, one of the most crucial problem is a small size of land or limited agricultural working land or land tenure. Therefore, land consolidation is needed to enlarging the farmer^s agricultural working land or land tenure which could improve effectiveness and efficiency of the cultivation, empowering farmer^s bargaining position as well as increasing agricultural productivity. In order to support government initiative through food estate programe to achieve self food sufficiency, the most recent innovation which has been introduced was forming a corporate farming or agricultural estate community that could further enhancing and nurturing farmer^s collective work. This initiative has been tested on several agricultural research locations in Indonesia, including Malang Regency, East Java Province, Purbalingga Regency, Central Java and Banyuasin and Musi Banyuasin Regencies in South Sumatera Province, focusing on paddy areas. Nevertheless, land consolidation is still difficult to be accomplished, but the forming of the Paddy or Rice Estate Community is a good start. Then, the solution offered is to set and situated units of land management managed by the Rice Estate Community.

Keywords: corporate farming, land consolidation, rice estate community

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Latief Mahir Rachman)


21 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-120

Application of Intensive Technology Farming System Based on Soil Quality to Enhance Rice Field Productivity of Rice Estate Communities
Latief Mahir Rachman (a*), Amiruddin Saleh (b), Johan David Wetik (b), Palahudin (b), Ardiana (b), Wahyu OS (b)

a) Department of Soil Science and Land Resource, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University
Jalan Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680, Indonesia
*latiefra[at]apps.ipb.ac.id
b) Center of Human Resource Development-Research Institutions and Community Service (P2SDM-LPPM), IPB University
Kampus IPB Baranangsiang, Bogor 16153, Indonesia


Abstract

Recent-conventional cultivation technology has been proven not effective to drive rice-field productivity growth. The failure of achieving the national average productivity of 6 ton/ha suggests the need to spur of agricultural revitalization system with intensive cultivation technology. One of the alternatives is intensive technology package that combines using of paddy variety of more than 500 grains/punicle, high-population domino cultivation system, and customizable fertilization system based on the soil quality and production target. Ideally, the production target can be estimated through analyzing the cultivation system used related to population crop density, paddy variety used, and application of the fertilization recommendation system. The low-cost agricultural cultivation system should changing into a high production target and high-profit system through the use of the intensive technology package. Pilot testing results in some demonstration plots and demonstration farms of rice estate communities (in some regencies in East Java, Central Java, West Java and South Sumatera Provinces achieved the expected targets. Majority, the high paddy productivity was achieved, even in some areas exceeded 10 ton/ha, depending on the soil quality, paddy variety used, cultivation pattern system used, and the fertilizer dosage applied.

Keywords: intensive technology cultivation, rice-field productivity, soil quality

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Latief Mahir Rachman)


22 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-125

Prospects of Sterile Insect Techniques for fruit fly control in Indonesia
Murni Indarwatmi(a*), Indah Arastuti Nasution(a), Sulaeha Sulaeha(b)

a) National Atomic Energy Agency (BATAN), Jakarta, Indonesia
b) Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanudin, Makassar, Indonesia


Abstract

The Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is a method of pest control using area-wide inundative releases of sterile insects to reduce reproduction in a field population of the same species. This technique has been successfully applied to control fruit flies, moths, and mosquitoes. The National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia in collaboration with the International Atomic Energy Agency is developing TSM for B. dorsalis and B. carambolae fruit flies. Both of B. dorsalis and B. carambolae are the main fruit fly pests in Indonesia and are quarantine pests for Indonesian fruits to be exported. The working principle of SIT is that field insects are rear in the laboratory, insect irradiated to make them sterile, sterile insects are released into the field to mate with wild insects. The results of the mating of sterile insects with wild insects did not produce offspring so that the field population decreased. The application of SIT in Indonesia is still in the field trial stage. The prospect of applying this technique is very good because this technique has the advantages of being effective in reducing pest populations, species specific so it is safe for non-target insects, environmentally friendly because it reduces the use of insecticides, its compatible with other techniques in integrated area wide control, and increases fruit export opportunities. The future challenge is together with farmers, fruit exporters and the Directorate of Plant Protection of Horticulture, the Ministry of Agriculture implements TSM in a wide area integrated pest control management to reduce yield losses and increase Indonesian fruit exports.

Keywords: fruit export commodities, polyphagous, quarantine pest, Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera carambolae

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Murni Indarwatmi)


23 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-129

Increasing Local Corn Productivity in Several Agroecosystems: A Review
Yustisia (a*), Damasus Riyanto (b), A. Muliadi (c), R. Bambang Heryanto (d)

a) South Sumatra Assessment Institute for Agriculture Technology, Jl. Kol. H. Barlian Km.6, No. 83, Palembang, South Sumatra *yustisiasumsel1111[at]gmail.com
b) Yogyakarta Assessment Institute of Agricultural Technology, Stadion Maguwoharjo No. 12, Sleman, Yogyakarta
c) Indonesian Cereals Research Institute, Jl. Dr. Ratulangi No. 274, Maros, South Sulawesi 90512
d) Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12 Cimanggu - Bogor
Bogor 16111


Abstract

Potential agroecosystems in terms of area but suboptimal from land productivity are lowland swamps and drylands. The main constraints to maize production in these two agroecosystems are low soil pH and soil nutrients. This obstacle will be more severe if there is a global climate change. Increasing the potential of local maize genetic resources is needed to address these constraints. The review aims to explore the possibility, problems, and efforts to increase the productivity of local maize genetic resources. The review method uses reference studies of different research results, especially those related to local corn varieties, research technology, and utilization in breeding programs. The results of a review of various references show that local maize productivity based on the implementation of existing technology is primarily determined by genetic, environmental, and management factors. Constraints of corn production in swampland and dryland will become potential by increasing local corn^s existence. Increasing local maize^s existence is used as a gene donor in creating stress-tolerant varieties (low soil pH and nutrients, inundation, drought, pests, and diseases). Increasing local maize^s existence is used as a gene donor in creating stress-tolerant varieties (low soil pH and nutrients, inundation, drought, pests, and diseases). The increased opportunity for local corn technology adoption can be done by refocusing research that explicitly uses tolerance and efficiency parameters. In the future, the expected research output is applicable technology

Keywords: local maize varieties, specific agroecosystem, cultivation technology

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Yustisia Yustisia)


24 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-131

The use of several types of artificial food to increase the activity of ants species in controlling cocoa plant pests
Ahdin Gassa and Fatahuddin

Department of Plant Pests and Diseases Faculty of Agriculture Hasanuddin University Makassar-South Sulawesi 90245 Indonesia


Abstract

This study aims to determine the use of ants spesies to control cocoa insect pests and its application by the cocoa farmers in Sulawesi. This research was conducted in several regions and districs in South Sulawesi. The aim of this trial is to find food materials preferred by black ant species. Four food materials (sugar, cow fat, chicken intestine, and dry fish) were used in this trial and arranged in 10 replications. Food materials were put on branch and abundance of ant species attracted to food material was then recorded at every 15 minutes.
The results of this study showed that ant population and distribution were still low during the initial stage of this study. However, as the time elapsed, the population increased tremendously and it distributed widely. The intensity of pod damage due to cocoa pod borer was generally low on trees with artificial diet treatment and moderatedle to high intensities on trees without the artificial diet.

Keywords: Artificial food, distribution and aggressive behavior, ants species, cocoa pests

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Ahdin Gassa)


25 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-132

The Impact Analysis of Using Automatic Bird Repellent on Rice Production before Harvest Time
Muhammad Yusril Hardiansyah (*), Novaty Eny Dungga, Hartini

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia


Abstract

One of the obstacles in rice cultivation has the difficulty of controlling bird pests. Bird pests are one of the main enemies for farmers which can reduce the crop production of rice. The increasing bird population has caused for decreasing in crop production and can make it difficult for farmers. Consequently, one method that can be used to repel bird pests is to use an automatic bird repellent. This study aims to determine the evaluation of the impact of using automatic bird repellent in supporting rice production. This study provides information about the description of rice production after the application of automatic bird repellent. This research was conducted in Tonasa Village, Takalar Regency, South Sulawesi. The method of carrying out the research includes the design of pest repellent technology using an automatic air freshener machine as well as the manufacture and testing of vegetable pesticide liquid jengkol extract as a spraying material that emits an odor that has not favored by bird pests. Parameters observed using a comparison method between four different rice planting areas with an area of 1 Ha in one area which includes: with tools area, without tools A area, without tools B area, and without tools C area. The evaluation results obtained show the impact of a significant increase in production with the average percentage is 89% after using tools, 65.8% without tools A, 69.2% without tools B, and 63.4% wihout tools C. Ultimately, it can be concluded that the impact caused by the use of automatic bird repellent tools has sufficient and significant in rice cultivation before harvest. Besides, the tools also truly helped the farmers.

Keywords: automatic bird repellent, bird pests, impact, production, rice

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Muhammad Yusril Hardiansyah)


26 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-134

The challenges to return the clarity of sweet orange cv. Selayar during pandemic of citrus systemic diseases
Baharuddin Patandjengi (a), Tutik Kuswinanti (a), Melina (a), Muh. Farid (b), Sartika Laban (c), Ikhwana Aflaha (a), Mustika Tuwo (d)

(a) Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(b) Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(c) Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
(d) Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Hasanuddin University, Makassar


Abstract

Sweeth Orange cultivar Selayar is a local superior orange of South Sulawesi that has been registered with the Ministry of Agriculture since 2005 which is expected by local governments to be one of the commodities that can increase people^s income, but in its development so far there were often encountered a various of problems. This study aimed to identify the problem of orange on the field and to know the prospect of sweet orange agribusiness. The research was conducted at three centers of development of the orange Selayar, namely Bontomatene, Bontosikuyu, Bontoharu districts. Data collection was carried out using survey methods and interviews with citrus farmers and related agencies. The data that has been obtained are analyzed by qualitative and quantitative descriptive methods. To analyze the income of farmers from citrus farming was calculated by the ratio of revenue and costs (R/C ratio). The results showed that the area of potential development of Selayar oranges reached 6,750 ha, but until 2019 the area planted was only 1,935 ha with a population of
779,761 trees. Strangely, planting is expanding, but the annual production is decreasing. Various factors include:, the high attack of various pests especially blendok disease and CVPD,
availability of water during dry season, procurement of seedlings with rootstock Selayar replacing Japanese citrone and provision seedling without indexing systemic diseases. The net
income level of citrus farmers in Selayar Regency is on average only IDR 70,000,000/ha/year or 17.5% of the potential land that must be obtained, whereas if cultivated properly can
produce IDR 400,000,000/ha/year. The prospect of sweet orange agribusiness is very feasible to be undertaken if properly cultivated with the level of income can reach IDR 97,000,000 in the 5th year and IDR 457,950.0000 in the 12th year with RC ratio of 5.2 and 21.8.

Keywords: Citrus reticulata- Selayar

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mustika Tuwo)


27 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-137

Digital Farming in Plant Pest and Disease Diagnostic: A review
Muhammad Junaid*1, Tutik Kuswinanti1, Baharuddin1, Muhammad Tahir Sapsal2, Ikbal Salim2

1Department of Plant Pest and Disease Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, 90245 Makassar
2Departement of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, 90245 Makassar


Abstract

Since plant pests and pathogens play a key role in the production system, the need for rapid and accurate detections for the causal agents in anticipating more production losses is important. However, the identification of the causes often takes time and is cost-effective while the need for plant protection services is rapidly required. In the Age of Industrial Revolution 4.0, the integration between the use of the internet and mobile appliance and agricultural science in particular plant protection discipline is possibly undertaken. In this paper, we examine digital farming implementation in the world and its issues, while we explain the gap between the technological operation and farmer capacity before we propose robust opportunities in utilizing smart diagnostic of plant pests and diseases in the field.

Keywords: Digital farming, plant pest, crop disease, smart detection, interdisplinary

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Muhammad Junaid)


28 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-142

CLONAL PROPAGATION of SANDALWOOD (Santalum album L.) THROUGH TISSUE CULTURE BY USING BRANCH SOAKED EXPLANTS
Yohannes Wibisono1, Toni Herawan1, Asri Insiana Putri1, Fithry Ardhany1, and Liliek Haryjanto1

Center of Forest Biotechnology and Tree Improvement Research and Development Yogyakarta, Indonesia


Abstract

ABSTRACT
Sandalwood (Santalum album L) is well known for its enormous economic value. The high value of santalol contained in its oil, are inline with the price and quality grade of the wood products. Prior researches on genetic diversity and high oil quality producer trees have provide selected superior tress to be propagated. Our study objectives were to provide clonal propagation of selected superior-trees using tissue culture techniques. Four mother trees, named P.6.1, P.6.2, A.III.4.14, and TA.12, were selected to run the test. Shoots from branch-soaked in tap water were utilized in shoots cultures. Study showed that P.6.1 gave greatest number of shoots produced in soaking branches technique, while A.III.4.14 produced mean longest shoots. Best induction response showed by P.6.1 (90%) while in multiplication phase A.III.4.14 produced highest mean average shoots number with 24 shoots and mean longest shoots with 4.3 cm. Further study on rooting ability, using A.III.4.14 clones, showed that it greatest success rate after 3 months after induction. Acclimatization phase obtain media M1P3 (top soil + sands + fertilizer yeast+ 1 ml L-1) gave the best response to the growth of shoots and roots of sandalwood plantlets.

Keywords: Keywords: Santalum album, clones, propagation, tissue culture.

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (TONI HERAWAN)


29 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-143

Resistance of Corn Against Spodoptera Frugiperda J.E. Smith (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Through Resistant Variety Testing Technology
Fatahuddin, Ahdin Gassa, Sulaeha, Pratiwi Triani

Universitas Hasanuddin


Abstract

Spodoptera frugiperda with the common name Fall Army Worm (FAW), this pest comes from the United States and invades corn crops throughout the world. In Indonesia, S. frugiperda began to attack maize plantations in West Pasaman, West Sumatra in March 2019, while in South Sulawesi the presence of S. frugiperda was reported to have started attacking maize plantations in July 2019. Yield losses due to S. frugiperda attacks could reach up to 73 %. This study aims to observe the use of resistance varieties resistant to S. frugiperda attack, the parameters observed population and the percentage of attack on maize. The study was carried out in Jeneponto Regency, South Sulawesi in July-September 2020. The study used a Randomized Block Design (RAK) consisting of 4 treatments and the treatment was five times, the type of treatment used A: Corn Varieties NK-7328, Pulut Corn Varieties, Corn Varieties Sweet (Paragon) and BISI-18 Corn Varieties. The parameters observed in this study were the population of S. frugiperda, the percentage of attacks and the population of predators. The results showed that the Sweet Corn (Paragon) variety had the percentage of FAW attacks, the total population of S. frugiperda and the average predator population highest compared to other varieties.

Keywords: corn pests, invasive pest, resistance, vulnerability.

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sulaeha Sulaeha)


30 Emerging Technologies in Agricultural Production Systems ABS-144

Techniques For Controlling Spodoptera Exigua On Shallots By Using Trap Lights
Fatahuddin, Ahdin Gassa, Sulaeha Sulaeha and Sophia

Pest and Plant Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University, Makassar
90245, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.


Abstract

Shallots are one of the horticultural crops that are widely cultivated in certain areas in South Sulawesi. One of the limiting factors in efforts to increase the production of shallots is the disturbance of plant pests and plant diseases. Spodoptera exigua is a major pest on shallot plants. This pest was found attacking shallot plants from the time the plants appeared on the ground until harvest. The yield loss of shallots can reach 70% to 100% in the dry season if it is not controlled using pesticides. This study aims to determine the percentage of damage to shallot plants due to Spodoptera exiqua attack by using light traps. This research was carried out on land owned by farmers from August to October 2020. In this study, paired T-test was used with two treatments, namely P0: shallot plantation plots without trap lights, P1: shallot plantation plots using light traps. Observation parameters were the percentage of leaf damage of shallots and production. The results showed that the average percentage of leaf damage of shallots with the use of trap lights was lower than without using trap lights. The production of wet bulbs of shallots in the lamp trap treatment was 7.29 tons/ha and higher than the treatment without lamp traps, which was 4.95 tons/ha.

Keywords: Integrated pest managemnt, trapping, pest

Share Link | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sulaeha Sulaeha)


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